Three additional points to contend that Mr Modi’s majority government actually functions like a coalition or worse. The one real economic reform undertaken has been the enactment of the Insolvency and Bankruptcy Code. But here, Mr Modi’s government has been trying its best to undermine it. Case in point: Sashakt. Where Mr Modi’s majority has cost India even more than a coalition are decisions, such as demonetisation — a hare-brained idea that could not have received the nod if a PM had to seek a consensus of any sort — and the sheer coercion of Aadhaar, the legislation for which was passed as a money bill in the Lok Sabha, while chickening out of the Rajya Sabha.
Beyond the economic price of such a bumbling effort, the security of having a clear BJP
majority has polarised Indian society. India’s social fabric is in tatters and mob lynchings have become the new normal. On security and foreign affairs, too, things have become worse. The Kashmir
valley is more anti-India than it has been for a while and relations with Pakistan
are no better. Indeed, relations with almost all neighbours, especially Nepal
and China, have worsened. Even the Maldives
has happily drifted away. And for all of his foreign tours, are we getting our way with the US or the EU?
It is worth reconsidering then if this fascination with either having a single party majority or Mr Modi’s leadership or, indeed, both, is such a great idea for India. Mr Modi’s biggest hurdle at being re-elected is the sense among voters that he has underperformed. A big reason for that is the way he over-promised. He might be realising the deep wisdom of Napoleon's words: “The best way to keep one's word is not to give it”. At the very least, his party-men such as Cabinet minister Nitin Gadkari
seemed to be setting the stage for a more sober election campaign in 2019.
It is worth considering then all the other options on the table. Such as a single party majority under some other leader of the BJP
or indeed, a coalition government under Mr Modi’s leadership, albeit without a clear majority for the BJP.