Any investor that has long-term holdings sitting idle in his demat account can lend shares by approaching his broker and filling up the forms and submitting the required documents. Once the forms are signed and relevant proofs are submitted within two weeks an investor can start lending shares.
As a lender, you can place an order with the broker mentioning the stock, quantity to lend, period, and lending fees you expect on a per share basis. Similarly, the borrower, too, places an order mentioning the stock, time, quantity and the lending fees he is ready to pay. The orders are matched on the exchange, and the transaction takes place. The lender is asked for 25 per cent of the total amount of stock he is lending immediately to ensure that he doesn’t default after saying a yes.
To ensure there’s no default from the borrower, he is asked to bring in 125 per cent of the stock value he is borrowing as margin, and also lending fees over and above the margin. There’s also monitoring of mark-to-market losses daily to ensure the borrower doesn’t default. At the end of the contract, the lender gets back the stock and borrower margin is released.
In case the borrower wants an early repayment or lender wants an early recall there is a mechanism to do so. The borrower would place an early repay request with the fees he is willing to receive, and the lender would place an early recall request with the fees he is willing to pay.
Market participants believe that SLB holds huge potential for investors. “An investor gets to earn a small interest on idle shares without taking any risk,” says Venu Madhav, COO, Zerodha. At present, investors can expect an average annualised interest of 6-8 per cent. But as the market develops for SLB, this would come down. Mostly, the stocks are borrowed for up to 30 days.
The SLBM also has provisions to take care of corporate actions such as dividends, bonus, stock split and rights issues. The lender doesn’t need to worry about any of it while the stocks are with the borrower. Say, if a company is paying a dividend, the borrower will collect it and pass it on to the lender.