ELSS funds could be large- or multi-cap oriented. “If you already have a high percentage of large-cap funds in your portfolio, go for an ELSS fund that is multi-cap oriented, or vice-versa,” adds Mohan.
Health insurance: You get get tax deduction under Section 80D on the premium paid on health insurance for yourself, your spouse, dependent children and parents. The deduction is limited to Rs 25,000 a year on the premium paid for self and family. If you are a senior citizen (more than 60 years of age), you can claim a deduction of up to Rs 50,000. “A person can also claim the deduction of RS 25,000 if he pays the premium for his parents whose age is not more than 60 years. If his parents are senior citizens then he can claim Rs 50,000 under Section 80D. Thus, one can claim a tax deduction of Rs 50,000 on the premium paid for self, spouse, dependent children and parents who are not more than 60 years old. The tax deduction can go up to Rs 75,000 if the premium paid includes the amount paid for senior citizen parents,” says Archit Gupta, founder & CEO, ClearTax.
How much health insurance cover you buy should depend on the number of members in your family. “If you are a 25-year-old bachelor, you may buy a sum insured of Rs 3 lakh for yourself. On the other hand, someone who is 35 and has both dependent children and parents may need to buy a higher sum insured of, say, Rs 5-10 lakh. Senior citizens (husband and wife) may buy a cover of Rs 3-5 lakh, going up to Rs 10 lakh,” says Arvind Laddha, deputy chief executive officer, JLT Independent Insurance Brokers. During the past few years, the cost of health cover for senior citizens has gone through the roof, so affordability has become an issue for them. Those living in metros need to get a higher coverage than those living in tier-II or III cities. If there is a family history of cardiac ailments, cancer, etc, such people too need to buy a higher sum insured. Buy according to your need and not just by the amount of tax deduction you get.
When selecting a policy, try to avoid those that come with restrictions. The most important is room rent cap. If the cap on room rent is one per cent of sum insured, make sure you buy sufficient cover so that you can get a single room (if that is what you would like) in the type of hospital you would like to go to. “Policy buyers should also try to avoid policies that have a cap on the treatment of specific diseases and co-payment requirements. Prefer a policy with a lower waiting period,” adds Laddha. Make sure that the hospitals you are likely to go to are included in the list of the insurer’s network of hospitals. Brokers like Secure Now offer ratings of health plans which you may consult.
Term insurance: The premium for your term cover also allows you to get tax deduction under Section 80C. Go by the following rule when deciding how much insurance you need: your family’s net worth plus life sum insured should be adequate to take care of financial goals, square off liabilities, and meet expenses. It should be enough so that the family’s lifestyle does not get compromised in case something happens to the breadwinner. “A wise move is to buy a term insurance policy at an early age, when premiums are low, that provides coverage for a longer duration,” says Mahavir Chopra, director-health, life and strategic
initiatives, Coverfox.com. Laddha suggests going with a strong and credible brand. “Insurance is a long-term, 20-30-year contract. Going with a strong brand will ensure that the insurer will still be around when the need arises,” he says.
To ensure that you get a good premium rate, Chopra suggests comparing quotes online and then selecting a cover that fulfils the criteria you are looking for. Some of the riders you may consider including in the base policy are waiver of premium, accidental death, accidental disability and critical illness.