The states and UTs include Sikkim, Himachal Pradesh, Kerala, Haryana, Uttarakhand, Chhattisgarh, Arunachal Pradesh, Gujarat, Daman & Diu and Chandigarh.
Citing a UNICEF report, the survey said lack of sanitation is responsible for the death of over 1,00,000 children in India annually.
While the non-ODF districts have lower percentage of population with secondary education and reflect higher levels of diarrhoea and stunting, there has been a clear cut evidence of behavioural shift of the individuals in ODF areas due to larger presence and proactive work undertaken by village health and sanitation committees, the survey noted.
It further said in addition to the health benefits, there are also economic gains on becoming ODF areas.
"According to the World Bank estimates, the lack of sanitation facilities costs India over 6 per cent of GDP," the survey said, adding that as per UNICEF a household in an ODF village in rural India saves Rs 50,000 every year.
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