He vouched for its "miraculous" properties while offering gaumutra to others.
A civic volunteer, who was on duty near the cow shed also consumed gaumutra and fell sick on Tuesday, following which he lodged a complaint with the police against Chatterjee.
Reacting to the arrest, the state BJP leadership criticised the state government.
"Chatterjee had distributed cow urine, but he didn't fool people in consuming it. When he distributed it he clearly said it was cow urine, he didn't force anyone to drink it. It has not been proved whether it is harmful or not.
"So how can just police arrest him without any reason. This is completely undemocratic," state BJP General Secretary Sayantan Basu said.
West Bengal BJP chief Dilip Ghosh has said there is no harm in drinking cow urine and he has no qualms in admitting he consumes it.
His party colleague and MP Locket Chatterjee, however, differed, terming it an "unscientific belief" that should be shunned.
The cow urine distribution as a cure for coronavirus had drawn sharp criticism from the ruling TMC and opposition Congress.
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