According to the white paper, China has revised the criminal law, abolishing nine death penalty charges and raising the bar on executing convicts that have received death sentence with a two-year reprieve.
To implement the rule of law and promote humanitarianism, China has implemented the amnesty system stipulated in the Constitution, and granted amnesty for four types of criminals, it said.
China has made "remarkable progress" in the protection of human rights over the past five years since President Xi took over power, the report said, adding that during this time civil and political rights were better protected.
The paper expounded on the progress in human rights protection in six parts - improving the legal framework to ensure human rights, promoting law-based administration, enhancing judicial protection of human rights, consolidating social mechanisms, strengthening the Party leadership over legal protection of human rights and promoting the development of global human rights.
However, a report by international human rights organisation 'Human Rights' has said that since Xi assumed power in 2013, the Chinese government has arbitrarily detained and prosecuted hundreds of activists and human rights lawyers and defenders.
It has tightened control over nongovernmental organisations, activists, media and the internet through a slew of new laws that cast activism and peaceful criticism as state security threats.
Despite legislation to protect against custodial torture, the practice remains widespread, including among Communist Party members accused of corruption, it said.
A once-in-a-five-year Congress of the ruling Communist Party of China endorsed a second five year term for Xi, 64, in October this year.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.
As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.
Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.