"We believe that expenditure growth will exceed the government's projections, giving our expectation for high election spending and the budget speech's repeated emphasis that 'if necessary, additional funds will be provided'. Additionally, the government's revenue growth projections also appear too optimistic given its sweeping tax rebates for the middle class and small business," Fitch Solutions said.
Accordingly, Fitch Solutions revised its forecast for the central government fiscal deficit to come in at 3.6 per cent of GDP in FY 2019-20, from 3 per cent previously, which reflects our expectation for a wider fiscal deficit in FY 2019-20 versus FY2018-19.
"We believe that continued fiscal stimulus by the central government will see the government miss its goal of lowering its fiscal deficit to 3 per cent of GDP by FY2020-21," it said in a note titled 'India's Populist FY2019-20 Budget To Delay Fiscal Consolidation'.
The central government plans to spend a total of Rs 27.8 lakh crore in fiscal 2019-20, a 13.3 per cent increase over the 2018-19 revised budget estimates.
"By contrast, we are looking at expenditures rising at a quicker rate at around 13.8 per cent, given the upcoming Lower House election, and the ruling BJP's desire to shore up support on the ground.
"Although agriculture, rural development and transport infrastructure remain the largest expenditure areas, the budget speech focused heavily on agriculture, social welfare, education, and healthcare, likely aimed at appealing to members of scheduled castes and scheduled tribes, which form 25 per cent of the total population, and farmers, which account for 58 per cent of India's labour force," Fitch Solutions said.
It said agriculture spending as a proportion of total expenditures grew to 5.4 per cent in 2019-20, from 3.5 per cent in the 2018-19 revised budget estimates, which suggests a populist shift in the government's expenditure patterns.
The interim Budget for 2019-20 doled out a scheme under which farmers holding up to 2 hectares of land would get an annual payout of Rs 6,000 -- a move intended to benefit about 12 crore farmers, among other measures for middle-class taxpayers.
However, there was a 0.1 per cent slip in the fiscal deficit estimate for the current financial year to 3.4 per cent.
While presenting the Budget, Finance Minister Piyush Goyal had said the government has provided Rs 20,000 crore in 2018-19 and Rs 75,000 crore in 2019-20 for providing income support to farmers, which has led to the slippage in the fiscal deficit.
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