The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) is the UN aviation watchdog.
Stringent provisions are in place that allows the DGCA to deal with violations at various levels, including those related to airlines, pilots, crew members and other entities.
The watchdog can debar, suspend and even cancel the permission to fly for the carriers as well as individual pilots and engineers. However, it cannot impose any monetary penalty.
Responding to another question, the minister said that taxation on global air tickets is "as per the prevalent laws in India".
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