Global trade rules -- framed by Geneva-based World Trade Organisation (WTO) -- allow these initiatives to guard domestic industry from these anti-trade practices.
In a notification, the directorate has stated that on the basis of the prima facie evidence submitted by the association about dumping of the product from these countries, "the authority, hereby, initiates an investigation".
In the probe, DGTR will determine the existence, degree and effect of alleged dumping on domestic manufacturers.
If it is established that the dumping has impacted the domestic industry, the directorate would recommend imposition of anti-dumping duty.
The finance ministry will take the final decision on imposing these duties.
These five regions are key trading partners of India and are members of the WTO.
The association has claimed that dumping of the newsprint by companies of these regions have impacted domestic players.
The period of investigation is April to December 2019. It would also look at 2016-19 data.
Countries carry out anti-dumping probe to determine whether their domestic industries have been hurt because of a surge in cheap imports.
As a counter measure, they impose duties under the multilateral regime of the WTO.
The duty is aimed at ensuring fair trade practices and creating a level-playing field for domestic producers with regard to foreign producers and exporters.
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