The Marsh boys joined Greg and Ian Chappell and Steve and Mark Waugh to score brotherly centuries for Australia, while it is the eighth time overall it has happened in Test cricket.
But Mitchell Marsh almost threw away his century in all the excitement as he embraced his brother mid-pitch before he had completed the second run and needed to scramble back to his crease to avoid being run out.
Mitchell Marsh was bowled next ball by Tom Curran for 101 off 141 balls with 15 fours and two sixes. The century came after his 181 in the third Test in Perth.
He was the third centurion of the massive Australian first innings total, following Usman Khawaja's 171 on Saturday.
At lunch on a scorching day, Australia had extended their lead over England to 232 runs at 578 for five, with Shaun Marsh unbeaten on 145 off 278 balls and Tim Paine not out 14.
Shaun Marsh scored an unbeaten 126 in his man-of-the- match performance in the second Test in Adelaide.
Greg and Ian Chappell were the first Australian brothers to notch centuries in the same innings at The Oval in 1972 with Steve and Mark Waugh the last to do it against England, also at The Oval, in 2001.
England were in a dire position, struggling to contain Australia's mushrooming lead in temperatures hitting 41 Celsius (106 Fahrenheit) after toiling in the field for 183 overs.
James Anderson bowled with great economy in the stifling conditions, with one for 56 off 34 overs, while both spinners Moeen Ali and Mason Crane went for a combined 325 runs and two wickets.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
Business Standard has always strived hard to provide up-to-date information and commentary on developments that are of interest to you and have wider political and economic implications for the country and the world. Your encouragement and constant feedback on how to improve our offering have only made our resolve and commitment to these ideals stronger. Even during these difficult times arising out of Covid-19, we continue to remain committed to keeping you informed and updated with credible news, authoritative views and incisive commentary on topical issues of relevance.
We, however, have a request.
As we battle the economic impact of the pandemic, we need your support even more, so that we can continue to offer you more quality content. Our subscription model has seen an encouraging response from many of you, who have subscribed to our online content. More subscription to our online content can only help us achieve the goals of offering you even better and more relevant content. We believe in free, fair and credible journalism. Your support through more subscriptions can help us practise the journalism to which we are committed.
Support quality journalism and subscribe to Business Standard.