Esper stressed that the United States does not want conflicts with China, and noted that the US government has provided medical supplies to help China combat a coronavirus outbreak that has infected over 67,000 people.
Still, he said Beijing has made clear its long-term intentions and said Europe and the rest of the world must wake up to the threats that China poses.
The Communist Party and its associated organs, including the People's Liberation Army, are increasingly operating in theaters outside its borders, including Europe, and seeking advantage by any means, and at any cost, he said.
While we often doubt the transparency and forthrightness of Beijing, when it comes to their security aims, we should take the Chinese government at its word, he said. They have said that by 2035, the PRC intends to complete its military modernisation, and, by 2049, it seeks to dominate Asia as the preeminent global military power."
With words that echoed the Trump administration's criticisms of Iran, Esper said China represses its people and threatens its neighbours. We want China to behave like a normal country, Esper said, adding and that means the Chinese government needs to change its policies and behaviours.
Esper and his immediate predecessor, Jim Mattis, have sought to shift the main focus of US military and security policy toward China and away from small wars against insurgents and extremists. US allies in Europe, while concerned about China's rise, are more immediately worried about Russia.
In remarks to the conference earlier Saturday, NATO Secretary-General Jens Stoltenberg said China presents challenges as well as opportunities for Western nations.
He said Europe and the United States need to work out a united approach to China's rise.
There are opportunities, but also many challenges, Stoltenberg said, adding that it's important for Western countries to keep open lines of communication with Beijing.
Addressing the same audience, US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo refuted assertions that the United States under President Donald Trump was rejecting its traditional international leadership role. I'm happy to report that the death of the transatlantic alliance is grossly over-exaggerated, Pompeo said.
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