The spokesman said the panel would begin its work on March 18.
Labour disputes have, until now, been dealt with inside the court system, but the panel will be overseen by the labour ministry.
The panel was part of a package of wholesale reforms agreed by Qatar last November as it sought to head-off a potentially embarrassing enquiry being launched by the UN's International Labour Organization (ILO) into alleged labour exploitation.
Other reforms announced included clamping down on passport confiscation by employers, making it easier for workers to switch jobs and the introduction of a minimum wage, which Qatar has "temporarily" set at 750 Qatari riyals ($206, 167 euro) a month.
Qatar has come under intense global pressure since winning the right to host the World Cup to overhaul its labour practices, which critics have compared to modern-day slavery.
Human rights groups have attacked the Gulf state for its "kafala" sponsorship system, which forces the country's some two million migrant workers to seek employer's consent to change jobs or leave the country.
Doha says the proposed reforms will dismantle kafala and place workers on a contractual system instead.
An ILO office will open in Qatar later this year, possibly as soon as next month.
Qatar, which is embroiled in a deepening diplomatic dispute with neighbouring countries, is spending around $500 million a week on preparing for the World Cup.
(This story has not been edited by Business Standard staff and is auto-generated from a syndicated feed.)
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