Q. What is the difference between Delivery at Terminal (DAT) in the Incoterms 2010 and Delivery at Place Unloaded (DPU) in Incoterms 2020?
In the guidance notes to Incoterms 2010, “terminal” included “any place, whether covered or not, such as a quay, warehouse, container yard or road, rail or air cargo terminal”. The trade, however, took DAT to mean a restricted reference to only some form of transport terminal where the seller will deliver the cargo and from where the buyer would collect the cargo, after completing any regulatory formalities.
The DPU now replaces the DAT to cover delivery at any destination outside the terminal also. That is the main difference between DAT and DPU. This is helpful, for example, when some cargo, such as capital goods, has to be delivered at site. Also, DPU requires the seller to unload the cargo at the named destination. In that sense, it differs from DAP (Delivers at Place) also, which does not place on the seller the obligation to unload the cargo.