"He will miss England's final Vitality IT20 against Australia on Tuesday at the Ageas Bowl," the England and Wales Cricket Board (ECB) said in a statement.
England leads the three-match T20 series 2-0.
As a member of the Test team, Buttler spent two months in the bio-secure bubble for the red-ball series against West Indies and Pakistan before joining the white-ball team for Australia's tour of England.
"Buttler, subject to testing, will return to the bio-secure bubble on Thursday ahead of the first ODI of the Royal London Series at Emirates Old Trafford on Friday," the statement read.
After the final T20 at the Ageas Bowl, the two teams will move to Manchester for the three-match ODI series, starting Friday.
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