From 1950 to 2018: How Artificial Intelligence has evolved over the years

1940-1956: The birth of AI

1950: Alan Turning created Turing Test, a method of inquiry for determining whether a computer is capable of thinking like a human being or not

1956-1974: The Golden Years

1956: Conference held at Dartmouth College where the term Artificial Intelligence was coined

1961: Samuel’s Checkers programme used Machine Learning to beat human players

1966: IBM’s Shoebox performed arithmetic by voice command 
  • Shakey became the first mobile robot ‘aware’ of its surroundings
  • ELIZA, an artificial conversational ‘therapist’ created at MIT’s  AI laboratory
1974-1980: AI Winter

1978: Creation of programmes such as R1/XCON to help sales representatives avoid errors in product suggestions

1980-1987: The Boom Period

1987-1994: Second Winter

1994-Present: Modern Age
  • Two robotic cars drove long distance on the highway
1997: Deep Blue, a chess playing computer developed by IBM defeated world champion Garry Kasparov

2000: Kismet, a sociable machine capable of expressing emotions, launched

2004: Honda Asimo, a personal robot, was released

2011: IBM’s Watson beats two of the most successful human contestants on Jeopardy!, a long-running US game show

2016: Introduction of virtual agents with Siri, Google Now and IPSoft’s Amelia

2017: Google’s AutoML lets AI generate AI

2018: Google spin-off  Waymo launched self-driving cars in Arizona

(Source: Accenture; other reports)

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